Seasonal Plant Care

Early Spring

  • Re-seed bare or damaged patches of lawn.
  • Remove plastic tree guards from tree trunks or burlap winter protection from foliage.
  • Transplant any existing shrubs you want to move before the leaves begin to grow.
  • Remove last season’s dead plant material.
  • Resist the urge to start digging in your flower bed too early in the season.
  • Get on top of weeding now. Weeds start growing early, so treat them or pull them as soon as you see them.
  • Start winter clean-up of your lawn when the grass is no longer soaking wet.
  • Rake your lawn to get rid of dead growth, stray leaves, twigs and winter debris. Letting light and air to the soil level will encourage the grass to begin growing.

Late Spring

  • Plant new trees and shrubs after May 10th.
  • Prune woody plants, including evergreen or deciduous hedges. Prune spring flowering shrubs after the blooms start to fade.
  • Add mulch to your gardens to retain moisture and keep weeds down.
  • Water new plantings if there isn’t enough rain to keep the soil moist.
  • Keep on top of weeds. Spending 15 minutes a day in your garden keeps you from having to spend your entire Saturday weeding!
  • Divide your perennials, grasses, and other plants that need dividing.
  • Plant container gardens after May 10th.


  • Trim your deciduous and evergreen hedges.
  • Keep weeding. Easy to say – hard to do.
  • Water plants during dry spells. Check the soil moisture levels of your gardens on a daily basis during hot spells.
  • Inspect your plants for insects and disease problems. Use an environmentally friendly treatment when necessary.
  • Deadhead spring flowering plants, including your annual pots as blooms fade.
  • Fertilize your annual pots and water often.
  • Towards the end of summer, cut your perennials back to half their height.

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  • Water often – especially your evergreens, trees, and shrubs. Water late into fall.
  • Transplant woody plants, when the leaves turn color and begin to drop.
  • Plant new trees and shrubs.
  • Create new beds and till existing gardens that you want to have ready for spring.
  • Don’t be in a rush to cut back your prennials. Seed heads are great food for birds and can add fall/winter interest to your garden.
  • Empty your container gardens for the winter.
  • Transplant and divide perennials.
  • Make notes about the changes you want to make in your garden next spring.
  • Plant spring bulbs.
  • Protect young trees with guards and burlap.
  • Recycle fallen leaves. Shred your leaves and use them as winter mulch on flower beds.
  • Do a final weeding.
  • Don’t cut roses back now – do it early spring.


  • As soon as the ground freezes, apply a layer of winter mulch to perennial beds.
  • Good winter care starts with thorough watering in the fall. Water frequently until the ground freezes. Most winter damage to evergreens doesn’t actually come from the cold, rather from the drying effects of late winter sun and wind. Make sure to water evergreens very well.
  • Wrap burlap around evergreens that are prone to winter-burn.
  • If rabbits are a big problem in your area, try wrapping chicken wire around the plants they find tasty. You can also try spraying plants with pest repellent, but these need to be reapplied often.


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